Direct mail was a cornerstone tactic for Massimo Prioreschi, VP Sales and Marketing, Backroads, an active travel company. He and his team sent about six catalogs a year to their list of past customers and prospects, in addition to six to 10 smaller mailings, like mini-catalogs and postcards.
But in early 2009, consumers were more closely scrutinizing their finances and travel plans, and the team needed to boost revenue. They knew that their direct mail program worked -- but they needed a campaign that would pull even more value from it. They also wanted to take greater advantage of an extensive marketing file that had been appended with third party information, such as household income.
"We were also getting feedback from our past customers saying ‘I love the mail that you’re sending me, but it needs to be more relevant,’" Prioreschi says. CAMPAIGN
To build a more relevant and personalized series of marketing communications, Prioreschi’s team needed to go to the Web.
"There is a flexibility on the Web that does not exist with print," he says.
However, the team did not want to neglect its powerful direct mail program. Here are the six steps they took to integrate print and online for a personalized campaign in March 2009:Step #1. Segment the audience
Prioreschi’s team maintained a marketing file of about 5% past customers, and 95% prospects. Prospects had submitted their contact information when they requested print catalogs or other information online.
The team wanted to mail all past customers for the campaign, but could not mail all prospective customers -- it would have been too costly, Prioreschi says. Instead, they targeted prospects who had been in touch with Backroads during the previous three months, and who were likely to be in one of the highest household income brackets, according to the household income data they had appended to their database.
The segmented list ultimately contained about 50% past customers and 50% prospects. Step #2. Create three relevant trip suggestions
The team previously created a trip recommendation engine on their website. The engine recommended three trips to site visitors based on:
o Age and presence of children
o Season of the trip
o Level of activity wanted in the trip
o Whether a nature- or culture-based trip was desired
The team combined this user-generated data with research into past purchases, information requests, and regions in which prospects were interested.
Then, they selected three trips that would likely appeal to each recipient based on those factors. Step #3. Offer scaled discounts
The campaign included discount offers to recipients based on the length of time that had elapsed since their last contact or trip with Backroads. The discounts increased with the length of time since last engagement, and ranged from $200 to $500 per person.
For example, a customer who had last contacted the company or purchased a trip three months ago received a $500 discount offer. Step #4. Create personalized webpages
The team used its database of more than 50,000 high-quality, location-specific travel images for the campaign’s creative elements.
They created a webpage that was personalized for each recipient and accessed from a personalized URL in the following format:
For prior customers, the page had the following features:
o Large image from the location of the last trip, captioned, "[Last name] Family Trip, [Location] [Year]"
o Three images of suggested trips, hyperlinked to videos that described each trip
o Personalized greeting
o Discount offer
o Four calls to action -- call a trip consultant, try the trip recommendation engine online, request a print catalogue, and sign up for special email offers Step #5. Create and send a personalized postcard
In March, the team mailed previous customers postcards with the following attributes:
o The same location-specific image and caption featured on the personalized webpage
o Message -- "[First name], it’s time for another memorable Backroads adventure. Find yours here: www.travel-backroads.com/firstname.lastname"
o Same three images of suggested trips as on the personalized webpage
o Text mentioning three recommended trips and discount offer
o Personalized URL
o Required mailing informationDifferent style for prospect postcards
The team had less information on prospects who had not yet been on a trip. This required a different creative approach.
While the back of the postcard was similar to the past customers’, the front of the prospect postcard had the following elements:
o A smaller, black and white picture of a man wearing a snorkel, standing in a plastic children’s pool
o A larger, full-color image of people diving off a ship along the Dalmatian Coast
o Message -- "[First name], staycation or playcation? It’s your choice. We’d recommend a trip with Backroads this summer."Step #6. Build and send personalized email
The team built personalized email messages with many of the same attributes as the personalized webpages and postcards.
For example, features of the past customers’ email included:
o The same large, location-specific image from the recipient’s previous trip
o Message -- "[First name], it’s time for another memorable Backroads adventure. Find yours here, plus special savings of $[offer].* Hurry, this offer ends 4/22/09"
o Personalized URL
Because email is so affordable, the team sent an email message to its entire list of prospects and past customers, even if they did not receive a postcard. All emails were sent on the same day, but the team tried to select the day on which most of the campaign’s postcards would arrive.
"The idea was to have both the mail and the email arrive at the same time," Prioreschi says. "It was an imperfect science, but that was the strategy."
"Ultimately, 1% of the total that we mailed actually bought something, which, for us, is huge. We are so happy about that," Prioreschi says. "For the past guests, it’s like off-the-charts better [than past campaigns]."
For prospective customers, the campaign showed a less significant lift compared to past campaigns. Prioreschi thinks that past customers likely had a deeper emotional connection with the imagery from their trips’ location, which drove up their responses.
The team noticed that those who received both the print and email communications were twice as likely to visit their personalized webpages.
o 6% of those who received only email visited their webpage
o 12% of those who received both email and direct mail visited their webpage
That doubling in response also translated to twice the conversion rate and twice the revenue from customers who received both communications, as opposed to customers who only received one communication, Prioreschi says.
As expected, the percentage of recipients who visited the personalized webpage increased as the dollar amount of the discount increased.
- For example, prospects without families had response rates that increased from 1% to 4% as the discount increased from $200 to $500.
- One group, however, had more a u-shaped graph, which surprised Prioreschi. Prospects who were likely to have children showed the following response rates as the discount increased: 3%; 2%; 2.5%; 4%.
Since the recipients receiving the lowest discount were those who most recently contacted Backroads, Prioreschi feels that the shorter time span may have played a role in this groups’ higher-than-normal response. Useful links related to this article:
Creative Samples from Backroads’ personalized campaign
Nimblefish: Created the personalized messages